Cash flow from operating activities
Cash flow The difference between the available cash at the beginning and end of an accounting period. from operating activities was DKK 4,063 million, up from DKK 3,840 million in 2016. Higher net profit impacted cash flow positively, while changes in net working capital All current assets less current liabilities used in, or necessary for, the company’s operations. The main components are inventories, trade receivables and trade payables. impacted cash flow negatively by DKK 249 million. The higher net working capital was mainly due to higher inventory levels.
Net investments excluding acquisitions were DKK 1,665 million, up from DKK 1,188 million in 2016. Net investments in property, plant and equipment amounted to DKK 1,566 million, compared with DKK 1,048 million in 2016. The higher net investments were related to the construction of the innovation campus in Denmark, new production facilities in Mumbai, India, and capacity expansions in Nebraska, US.
Free cash flow before acquisitions
Free cash flow Cash flow from operating activities minus cash flow from investing activities and changes in net working capital. before net acquisitions was DKK 2,398 million, compared with DKK 2,652 million in 2016. The decrease of 10% was mainly caused by higher investments, partly offset by positive development in cash flow from operating activities.
Free cash flow
Free cash flow was DKK 2,395 million in 2017, compared with DKK 2,491 million in 2016.
Cash flow from financing activities was negative at DKK 2,815 million, compared with a negative cash flow of DKK 2,484 million in 2016. The negative cash flow from financing activities was mainly due to completion of the stock buyback program (DKK 2,000 million) and dividend payments (DKK 1,192 million).
Cash and cash equivalents at December 31, 2017, amounted to DKK 363 million, down from DKK 805 million at December 31, 2016. Undrawn committed credit facilities were DKK 3,944 million at December 31, 2017.